(Wireless product serial number identification system) This technology is used to reduce time and effort and improve data accuracy in real time.
Warehouse operations such as planning and controlling warehouse facilities and systems have become more complex in the supply chain. Warehousing is required to perform routine logistical operations such as stock storage, ordering, paperwork, sorting, loading and unloading and customer service. Misuse of warehouse space will negatively affect productivity and profitability in the organization and lead to its loss.
The RFID system works with the warehouse management system to perform work on time and helps better managing supply chains. It covers entry of goods, inspection, delivery and many other flows, increases profits and reduces costs.
A simple explanation of how it works; The RFID tag consists of a small chip connected to an antenna that connects products to the Internet for tracking purposes, allowing information to be shared with companies across the supply chain. Special transmitters and receivers are placed on the products and then the information is accessed with a reader to pass it on to the computers. RFID Active Tags are often used for large assets such as railroad cars and vehicles that are transported over long distances.
This mechanism is no different for warehouses. When the shipment arrives. An RFID tag or chip is attached to the items in that shipment. Either in individual boxes or as a complete pallet. Each tag contains internal memory to store item information. Which can be modified as it travels through different processes in the warehouse. Using an electromagnetic signal. The RFID tag transfers that information to a central database where the warehouse management system can study and analyze the data.
We can say that the introduction of RFID in warehouse operations can benefit in:
• Obtaining accurate information about inventory and its location at the required time.
• The possibility of observing losses, recording them and benefiting from them.
• Strategically plan product sites.
• Improve efficiency and accuracy and reduce labor errors.
• Stay away from the problems of poor selection.
• Obtaining smoother business environments.
• Lower labor costs by reducing the manpower needed for tracking and warehouse management.
• Provide the information required to implement inventory management with two systems (FIFO _ LIFO).
• Immediate access to the database needed to deliver the incoming materials for immediate shipment and meet customer requirements.
One of the main problems facing warehouse managers is finding finished goods placed on shelves in warehouses, which can be solved by marking each shelf with a unique identifier using anti-metal RFID tags. These marks can be read by means of RFID-equipped cranes during the loading and unloading phase, and update the inventory list and its location in the warehouse. It eliminates the need to install RFID antennas throughout the warehouse to make tracking easy and possible and organize warehouses.
RFID tags help protect warehouses from theft and fraud. When each product carries a unique and transparent identifier. The systems can detect counterfeit goods in an instant. Retail stores have used RFID tags to prevent theft for years. Warehouses can do the same. The RFID based safety system alarms the moment an element leaves the facility when it is not assumed to do so. The RFID tracking tags make it possible to trace and get stolen goods back.